Innovations and the grain and oilseed supply chains

When GM crops were first introduced, no significant changes were anticipated in grain distribution or use. The industry assumed that the final product was equivalent to unmodified crops. Resistance to GM crops in Europe changed that view. Environmental organizations and consumer advocacy groups made incremental changes, cooperating and repackaging their activism to resist GM crops on the basis of environmental and health concerns. Resistance to GM crops led to their rejection in many European retail chains and to reformulation of some products to eliminate ingredients potentially containing GM ingredients. Grain and oilseed supply chains to selected markets had to create new identity preservation systems for their non-GM supply chains and employ new testing technologies, from quick strip tests for field use to labs dedicated to testing GM products.

Governments in the European Union, Japan, and other regions implemented policy innovations to better reflect consumer wishes, placing moratoriums on introduction of new GM varieties and establishing labeling regulations for GM content. North American governments and industry groups responded with initiatives such as the Council for Biotechnology Information to promote GM crops and to minimize consumer resistance.

0 0

Post a comment