B

Bacteriophage, 9, 10, 12 Bands (see Electronic structure) Basis functions (see Group theory) Batteries (see also Electrochemistry), 32, 302, 304, 898-901, 910, 911 capacity, 900, 901

Batteries (continued) charge time, 900 charging, 300, 303, 898-901 current density, 899, 900 discharge time, 900 discharging, 300, 303, 898-901 efficiency, 900 electrodes (see Electrodes) electrolyte, 300, 302, 899 energy conversion, 898, 899 energy storage, 899 fuel cells, 899, 910 irreversible, 898, 901 Leclanche cell, 899 light weight, 901, 911 lithium battery, 901, 910 open circuit voltage, 300, 302, 898, 899 primary, 898, 899 recharge, 898, 899, 911 reversible, 300, 898, 899, 901 secondary, 898, 899-901, 910 solid electrolyte, 899 stability, 901

voltage-current curve, 900 BCS theory (see Superconductivity) Belt modes, 97, 101-104, 391, 392, 395 Benzene, 546, 741, 742 Binding energy per C atom, 63, 68, 153 Biological ties, 9-12, 898, 902, 910 Birch reaction (see Chemical reactions) Body-centered cubic (bcc) structure, 176, 226, 240, 241, 242, 249, 250-251, 254-256, 262, 442, 443, 445, 447, 448, 518, 563, 568, 620, 623, 662, 663, 730 Body-centered tetragonal (bet) structure,

226, 239, 240, 248, 262, 619 Bohr magneton (see Magnetic properties) Bond angle, 758 Bond angle disorder, 43 Bond bending, 338, 391 Bond cleavage, 894, 895 Bond lengths, 67, 82, 237 as, 60-63, 65, 81, 174, 208, 209, 227, 261,

414, 416, 440, 656 a6, 60-61, 63, 65, 81, 174, 208, 209, 227,

261, 414, 416, 440, 656 C-C, 16-19, 40, 60-63, 69, 70, 233, 247, 255, 258, 378, 385, 403, 516, 517, 565, 573, 587, 643, 656, 760, 792 C-M, 250, 390, 436, 437, 450, 560

Qo-Qo, 171, 172, 248, 250-252, 255, 258, 261, 276, 292, 308, 403, 439, 440, 442, 532, 556, 560, 564, 566, 623, 647, 656, 699, 700, 722, 723, 727, 749 Qo-polymer, 874 C70, 67-69, 391 C70-C70) 258, 700 C84—Cg4, 731 C„c-C„c, 731, 732 I-I, 257

intermolecular C-C, 573, 587, 643, 647,

699, 700, 723, 749 M-C«,, 240, 248 M-M, 250, 450 Bond strength (see also Surface-fullerene interaction) Qo-Qo, 689, 894, 905 Bond stretching, 338, 391, 401 Bonding (see also van der Waals) bridge, 297, 308, 310-313, 897 carbon bridge, 310, 322 covalent, 40, 210, 211, 228, 234, 258, 296, 310, 312, 316, 320, 398, 399, 508, 897, 907

double, 60, 61, 65, 99, 174, 185-189, 192, 193, 197, 205, 211, 216, 227, 243, 260, 292-297, 304, 306-309, 311, 313, 323, 324, 353, 354, 390, 414, 441, 541, 597, 603, 656, 725, 816, 895 ionic, 228, 316, 519

Kekule (see also Bond alternation), 65, 579

metal bridge, 310-313 oxygen bridge, 310

-it, 37, 62, 85, 91-95, 148, 295, 296, 298, 309, 312, 313, 319, 378, 414-418, 421, 427, 436, 450, 453, 474, 476-478, 544, 576, 593, 636, 645, 646, 691, 694, 703, 705, 707, 708, 752, 807, 863 single, 60, 61, 65, 294, 295, 305, 309, 314,

523, 694, 703, 705, 707, 708 trigonal, 15, 60, 61, 414

Born-von Karman model (see Vibrational modes)

BC59, 233 Boron nitride (BN), 279, 814 Bravais lattice, 85, 96, 760 Breathing (/4g(l)) mode (see also Raman scattering), 333, 336, 337, 372 Breit-Wigner-Fano lineshape (see also

Raman scattering), 340, 378 Brillouin scattering, 211, 212, 347, 397 Brillouin zone, 19, 28, 180, 183, 335, 341, 373, 445, 801-803, 806, 807 zone folding, 178, 183, 340, 341, 372, 373, 792, 802-805, 809, 840, 841, 844, 845, 848, 849, 863 Bromine (see Halogens) Buckminster Fuller, 7 Buckminsterfullerene, 7, 44, 45 bucky ball, 7

"Bucky Clutcher", 124, 135 bucky dumbbell, 215 bucky onion (see Carbon onion) bucky tube (see Carbon nanotubes) Bulk modulus, 17, 22, 23, 172, 199, 204, 205, 207, 440, 560, 765

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