Chapter

Optical Properties 464

13.1. Optical Response of Isolated C60 Molecules 464

13.1.1. Introduction to Molecular Photophysics 465

13.1.2. Dipole-Allowed Transitions 468

13.1.3. Optical Transitions between Low-Lying Herzberg-Teller Vibronic States 469

13.2. Optical Studies of C60 in Solution 476

13.2.1. Absorption of C^ in Solution 476

13.2.2. Photoluminescence of C60 in Solution 480

13.2.3. Dynamics of Excited States in Isolated C60 Molecules . . 483

13.2.4. Optically Detected Magnetic Resonance (ODMR)

for Molecules 488

13.3. Optical Properties of Solid C60 491

13.3.1. Overview 492

13.3.2. Optical Absorption in Cm Films 495

13.3.3. Low-Frequency Dielectric Properties 506

13.3.4. Optical Transitions in Phototransformed C60 508

13.4. Optical Properties of Doped C60 511

13.4.1. Optical Absorption of C60 Anions in Solution 512

13.4.2. Optical Properties of M6C60 517

13.4.3. Normal State Optical Properties of M3C60 523

13.4.4. Superconducting State Optical Properties 528

13.4.5. Optical Properties of MjQq Compounds 531

13.5. Optical Properties of C60-Polymer Composites 533

13.6. Optical Properties of Higher-Mass Fullerenes 536

13.6.1. Optical Properties of C70 537

13.7. Dynamic and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Fullerenes 540

13.7.1. Dynamical Properties 540

13.7.2. Nonlinear Absorption Effects 544

References 548

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