Chapter

Synthesis, Extraction, and Purification of Fullerenes 110

5.1. Synthesis of Fullerenes Ill

5.1.1. Historical Perspective Ill

5.1.2. Synthesis Details 112

5.2. Fullerene Extraction 116

5.2.1. Solvent Methods 116

5.2.2. Sublimation Methods 118

5.2.3. Solubility of Fullerenes in Solvents 120

5.3. Fullerene Purification 121

5.3.1. Solvent Methods 121

5.3.2. Sublimation in a Temperature Gradient 125

5.3.3. Gas-Phase Separation and Purification 128

5.3.4. Vaporization Studies of C60 129

5.4. Endohedral Fullerene Synthesis 131

5.5. Health and Safety Issues 138

References 138

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