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Magnetic flux quantum (see Flux quantum) Magnetic properties, 260, 261, 668, 68(1-683, 739-753, 818-825 anisotropy, 261, 741, 742, 749 Bohr magneton, 670, 746, 748 carbon nanotubes, 818-825 anisotropy, 818

diamagnetic behavior, 820, 821, 833, 834 diameter dependence, 820, 824 field dependence, 819, 821, 822, 824, 835, 836

field orientation, 819-821, 823, 833 Landau levels, 821, 823, 829 Landau quantization (perpendicular), 821, 823

Landau radius (magnetic length), 821,

823, 824, 834, 836 magnetic energy levels, 818-825 magnetic moment (parallel), 819, 820, 835

magnetization, 818, 821, 833

Pauli susceptibility, 825

periodic magnetic properties, 818, 819,

821, 823, 824 periodic wave function, 818 phase factor, 818

temperature dependence, 835, 836 circular dichroism, 474 coercive field, 750 core diamagnetism, 745-748, 750 diamagnetic behavior, 413, 739, 740-742, 745

dopants, 230, 416, 739, 742-743 d shell, 742, 747, 748 / shell, 742, 743, 747, 748 ferromagnetism, 260, 683, 745, 748-752 fullerene ions, 418, 744-745 g-value (see g-value) hysteresis, 752, 753 itinerant ferromagnetism, 752 level configuration, 742, 743 magnetic moment, 742-750, 752 magnetic phase transition, 684, 739, 748, 751

magnetic specific heat, 752 magnetization, 682, 746, 750, 751 ordered phases, 739, 749, 752, 753 paramagnetism, 739-742, 752, 753 Curie, 739, 740, 745-747, 751 Curie-Weiss, 745-748, 750, 751 p-level, 418, 747-753 Pauli, 415, 569, 584, 667, 739, 744, 745-747, 748, 825 relaxation, 752

remanent magnetization, 682, 750, 752 ring currents, 739-742, 745 hexagonal, 740, 741 London theory, 740 pentagonal, 740, 741 saturation magnetization, 750, 752 spin glass, 669, 682-684, 752, 753

structural phase transition, 686, 740,

749-752 superparamagnetism, 752 TDAE-Qo, 259, 299, 406, 668, 669,

680-683, 748-753 temperature dependence, 681, 741, 750, 752

transition temperature, 680-683, 748, 750, 752, 753 field dependence, 750, 752 pressure dependence, 750, 752 Magnetic susceptibility, 398, 564, 569, 622, 648, 681, 683, 740, 741, 745-753, 756 carbon nanotubes, 741, 742, 756, 818-821, 823, 824, 833-837 arrays, 824

carrier scattering effects, 836 diamagnetic, 833, 834 field dependence, 833-835, 836 field independence, 833, 836, 837 field misalignment, 822, 823, 833 flux dependence, 821-822 parallel, 819-823, 833, 834, 837 periodic behavior, 821 perpendicular, 821-824, 833, 834, 837 singularities, 821

temperature dependence, 835-837 X'(T), 749, 750, 752, 753 X"(T), 749, 750, 753 Curie-Weiss, 745-748, 750, 751 density of states determination, 746 field cooled, 622, 751, 752 higher fullerenes, 753 parallel, 741, 742 perpendicular, 741, 742 temperature dependence, 741, 747-749, 752

zero field cooled, 622, 751 Magnetoresistance, 557, 581-583, 608, 768, 818, 823, 829-833 carbon nanotubes, 768, 818, 823, 829-833 field dependence, 830-832 negative, 829, 830, 831 positive, 830, 831

temperature dependence, 829, 830-832 transverse, 830

universal conductance fluctuations, 830, 832-833

magnetic field dependence, 581, 582 temperature dependence, 581, 582 transport mechanism, 581, 582

Many-body interactions (see also Hubbard model), 422, 438, 453-456, 468, 556, 558, 561, 584, 585, 599, 648, 692, 696, 708, 710

many-electron, 90, 413, 418, 421-434, 468-474, 503, 504 Mass density of Cjo, 171, 172, 331 of doped Qo, 250 Mass spectrometry, 152-153 mass resolution, 152, 156, 157 spectra, 4-6, 31, 48, 49, 52, 53, 64, 67, 121, 127-129, 130, 134, 136, 143, 152-166, 210, 214-217, 258, 305, 307, 364, 899 time-of-flight, 5, 48, 49, 52, 53, 118, 126, 135, 136, 152-165 Materials applications, 893-898, 909 catalytic properties, 894-896 diamond synthesis, 893, 909 membranes, 888-890, 905 new chemicals, 897-898 self assembled monolayers, 896-897 SiC film growth, 893-894 Mean free path, 129, 172, 524, 564-566, 602,

632, 633, 696 Mechanical properties (see also Carbon nanotubes), 281, 894, 905 hardness, 17, 33, 894 modulus, 172 Medical applications, 897, 910 Membranes, 281-284, 888-890, 905 Merohedral disorder, 118, 176, 182, 185, 186, 189, 192, 193, 245-248, 341, 438, 441-444, 454-456, 557, 561, 564-566, 574, 580, 582, 583, 597, 599, 603, 607, 632, 665, 751, 752 Metal-coated fullerenes (see also Carbon materials) Alkali metal coated fullerenes, 51-54 Alkaline earth coated fullerenes, 52-54 Metal-insulator transition, 557, 558, 561 Metallic fullerene phases, 380, 445, 521, 523,

531, 532, 556, 561 Metallo-carbohedrenes (met-cars), 48-50 Metallofullerenes (see also Endohedral fullerenes), 435-436, 733 Methyl-ethyl-hydroxyl-polypropylvinyl (MEH-PPV), 535, 536, 885-887 Methyl groups, 305, 314, 315

Methylene, 119, 308 Mica substrate (see Substrates) Microdensitometer, 506, 507 Microfabrication, 881, 888-892 Microstructure, 9, 24, 25, 35, 36, 274, 570,

629, 660, 850 Migdal theorem criterion, 574, 575, 647 violation, 574, 575 Mobile hole, 534, 535, 873, 877, 881 Mobility, 815, 830, 883, 888, 891, 904 carrier, 17, 37, 589, 882, 883, 888 surface, 710, 713, 714, 721, 722, 891 Molecular alignment (see also Orientational alignment), 185-193, 199-202, 242-246, 252, 732 Molecular density, 172, 479 Molecular distortion (see also Jahn-Teller effect), 65, 163, 345, 377, 403, 406, 422-424, 430, 436, 443, 489, 512-516, 518, 542, 557, 559, 576-579, 644, 648, 674-676, 679, 744 Molecular dynamics, 69, 143, 164, 166-168, 194, 209, 215, 237, 390, 394, 398, 654, 657-662 simulation, 166-168, 231, 237 Molecular manipulation, 712, 715, 889, 894, 901, 902, 904 by STM tip (see STM) by rotating electric field, 902 nanosled, 902 Molecular orbitals (see also Electronic structure), 415 Molecular photophysics, 465-468 Molecular reorientation, 173, 175, 189-193, 199, 202, 209, 237, 238, 245, 330, 373, 603, 658, 659 energy barrier, 189, 190, 192, 193, 603, 607, 608

Molecular solid, 60, 85, 90, 257, 260, 329, 376, 378, 413, 423, 437, 493, 495, 539, 544, 883 Molecular volume, 63, 172, 560 Moment of inertia, 63, 68, 189, 329, 331,

342, 347, 394, 732 Monoclinic (see also Crystal structure), 200,

201, 237, 260, 598 MoS2 (see also Substrates), 235, 274, 280, 720, 906

Mössbauer spectroscopy, 229, 257

Mott insulator (see also Hubbard model), 645

Multilayer structures, 697, 698, 701, 702, 710, 713-717, 721, 726, 730, 732, 756, 760, 775, 816, 826, 859, 863, 891, 892 metal-Qo, 261, 570-572 metal coated fullerenes, 51-54 multiwall tubule (see Carbon nanotubes) onions (see Carbon onions) transport properties, 570-572 Muon spin resonance (/J.SR), 174, 200, 232, 397, 627, 629, 633, 635-638, 654, 668, 683-684, 750, 753 coherence peak, 636, 684 Hebel-Slichter theory, 636, 637, 684 motional narrowing, 684 muon, 232, 683-684 muonium, 635 [email protected], 635 phase transition, 684 spin relaxation, 636, 637, 684, 753 temperature dependence, 636

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