With the trend of diversifying the product folio and the reduction of manufacturing costs, numerous new applications will be made debut. For example, diamond is the best component for micro electro mechanical devices (Fig. 3.10).
When diamond products become commonplace items, humans' material civilization will enter its final dynasty — the
Figure 3.9. Carbon family with the diamond taste. This diagram shows the connection of many carbon materials that exhibits various degrees of diamond characters. In the above diagram, the nano-cubicles represent a horde of hypothetical structures that may be formed by assembling carbon nanotubes in various forms like using steel beams for constructing houses. This molecular manipulation of carbon nano-tubes may be developed in the future.
Diamond Age (Fig. 3.11). As there is no element that is above carbon on periodic table, diamond will never be succumbed by any other material in the future. Thus, although diamond is chemically metastable and it can be easily shattered, "diamond is forever!"
Diamond Age Carbon Age Ceramic Age Silicon Age Plastic Age Aluminum Age Iron Age Copper Age Stone Age Wood Age
Figure 3.11. Materials civilization is succeeded by implementing more advanced materials from time to time. The conventional materials are not replaced in wholesale; rather, they are supplemented by a new champion material that can better meet with demand.
may not be just a figurative expression of desire, but a literal prediction for the ultimate stage of human civilization.
The Scottish mathematical physicist James Clerk Maxwell derived the entire theory of electromagnetism in his head in 1861. He was amazed that this pure theoretical theory could explain the nature of ordinary light then unknown to scientists. In fact, the theory actually predicts the speed of light for the first time. Moreover, this theory predicted the existence of other invisible lights that might transmitted with different frequencies. Maxwell envisaged that these then undetectable waves could be used to transmit messages over a great distance without making direct contacts. This foresight prompted Heinrich Rudolf Hertz to discover molecular energy radio waves in 1886; Guglielmo Roentgen to discover atomic energy X-rays in 1895; and Paul Villard to discover nuclear energy gamma radiations in 1900. In 1901, Guglielmo Marconi received the first trans-Atlantic radio message. This feat confirmed Maxwell's vision of acting at a distance without attaching a string.
Maxwell was so amazed that something that is everywhere could be so beautiful and perfect, legend states that he exclaimed, "Nothing can be too wonderful to be true." Indeed, without such a possibility, life would be seriously flawed. Fortunately, we do have diamond, the omnipresent material that is also omnipotent. Light and diamonds make our world a much more interesting and worthwhile to live. In fact, it is light that gives diamonds its brilliant sparkle. Diamond will also become the ideal optical window that ushers light into numerous wonderful applications in the future.
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