The Electric

OR COV& iSACY Image from a 2006 documentary film on the failure of the electric car in the USA. Image courtesy of Papercut Films, Copyright 2007. Despite an enhanced battery life from 5 to 8 hours following the launch of the blockbuster iPhone in 2007, the lifetime of the battery remains too short - users of this and of other smartphone devices complain on the web. Photograph courtesy of Apple Inc. General Motors launched the EV1, a battery electric vehicle,...

Catalysis Greening the Pharma Industry

Pharma An Industry to Be Cleaned Up The pharmaceutical industry is among the world' s largest industries in terms of turnover, with revenues of more than 600 billion in 2008. The industry certainly plays a central role in maintaining our health ' 1 ' but it does so generally by producing between 25 and 100 kg or more of waste for every kilogram of active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) manufactured. For comparison, the petrochemicals sector produces 0.1kg of waste for every kilogram of product...

Ending the Era of the Internal Combustion Engine

When American troops entered Munich in March 1945, one of the first companies to be seized was Varta, the large battery manufacturer. The company was the manufacturer of batteries and accumulators for the Wehrmacht submarines and for the Luftwaffe during World War II 1 . It is batteries that enable storage and thus the portability of electric power and since electricity is the most useful form of energy available to power technology devices, be they radios or noise .less submarine engines,...

D

Process takes place (c), and then the adsorbed surfactant carries the product back into solution (d). Reproduced from Reference 16 , with permission. reaction. The sol-gel encapsulation dictates accessibility of the alcohol molecules to the entrapped catalyst, limiting oxidative cleavage, and at the same time preventing catalyst deactivation (which is due to intermolecular quenching of the radical species bound at the silica surface) 15 . Similarly, the employment of catalytic doped ORMOSILs in...