C-Y. Kung, M. D. Barnes, N. Lermer, W. B. Whitten, and J. M. Ramsey, Applied Optics 38, 1481 - 1487 (1999).

17 M. D. Barnes, K. C. Ng, K. Fukui, B. G. Sumpter, and D. W. Noid, Macromolecules 32,7183-7189 (1999).

18 We use the word "droplet" to denote liquid phase, and "particle" to denote a solid (dry) phase.

19 R. Chang, and E. J. Davis, J. Coll. and Inter. Sci. 54, 352 (1976).

20 E. J. Davis, and A. K. Ray, J. Coll. and Inter. Sci. 75, 566 (1980).

21 A. K. Ray, A. Souyri, E. J. Davis, andT. M. Allen, Appl. Optics30,3974 (1991).

22 J. F. Widmann, C. L. Aardahl, and E. J. Davis Am. Lab. 28 35 (1996).

23 See also, the reviewby E. J. Davis, Aer. Sci. Tech. 26 212-254 (1997)

24 P. Chylek, V. Ramaswamy, A. Ashkin, and J. M. Dziedzic, Appl. Optics 22,2302 (1983). 25H. C. VandeHulst, andR. T. Wang, Appl. Optics30,4755 (1991).

26 G. Konig, K. Anders, A. Frohn, J. Aerosol Sci., 17, 157 (1986).

27A. R. Glover, S. M. Skippon,andR. D. Boyle,Appl. Optics, 34,8409 (1995).

28 J. F. Widmann, and E. J. Davis, Colloid and Polymer Science 274, 525-53 1 (1 996).

29 T. Kaiser, S. Lange, andG. Schweiger Appl. Optics 33 7789-7797 (1994).

30 S. Holler, Y. Pan, R. K. Chang, J. R. Bottiger, S. C. Hill, and D. B. Hillis, Optics Lett. 23, 1489- 1491 (1998).

3> J. F. Widmann, C. L. Aardahl, T. J. Johnson, and E. J. Davis, J. Coll. Int. Sci. 199, 197-205 (1998).

32 M. D. Barnes, N. Lemer, W. B. Whitten, J. M. Ramsey, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68,2287 -2291 (1997).

33 J. V. Ford, B. G. Sumpter, D. W. Noid, M. D. Barnes, S. C. Hill, andD. B. Hillis, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 495-502 (2000).

34 It should be noted that for heterogeneous particles, while the diffraction fringes are highly distorted, there remains some definite two-dimensional structure. This implies some uniformity and order of subdomains, however inversion of this type of data to extract such information is not trivial. This problem is currently under investigation. (See also Ref. 30).

35 M. D. Barnes, K. C. Ng, K. P. McNamara, C-Y. Kung, J. M. Ramsey and S. C. Hill, Cytometry36, 169-175(1999).

37 A. K. Ray, B. Devakottai, A. Souyri, and J. L. Huckaby, Langmuir 7 525-531 (1991).

38 R. LHightower, C. B. Richardson, H-B. Lin, J. D. Eversole, andA. J. Campillo Optics Lett. 13 946-948 (1988).

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