In order to achieve sophistication and improve availability, miniaturization technology based instrument design concepts are going to be adopted as the advanced instrumentation platform for most of scientific, industrial and academic studies. The topical research fields are material science for microstructures, microinstrumentation devices, transduction principles for microstructures, interfacing; integration, modeling, and performance issues. Microinstrumentation equipment is essentially useful where a higher QoS (Quality of Service) such as sensitivity, resolution, selectivity, fidelity, and repeatability is desired. Miniaturization improves portability, speed and spatial requirements. Miniaturization can help the engineer to measure and analyse the physical, chemical and biological parameters of an application where space and weight are limiting factors. A typical microspectrometer can take less space while satisfying the required capabilities to measure, analyse and provide precise signals for further analysis and processing. Microinstruments can be applied in nuclear reactors, space shuttles, research laboratories, and numerous other places. Other application fields include spectroscopy, surface analysis, tribology studies, topography, microfluidics, microtomography and imaging. Recently developed microinstrumentation equipment includes microoscilloscopes, a microvoltmeter and microradar. The principle of operation of such tools and equipment however, requiring the application of fundamental science and coherent and synergistic technological integration, is of paramount importance.

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