Vision for the Converging Technologies

My theme is to argue that you want to be unreasonable in your planning. I was struck with this at the session Mike Roco invited me to about six months ago, where somebody made a very impassioned plea against promising too much too quickly and not exaggerating. In 1945, Vannevar Bush wrote what was a quite unreasonable article for his day, about the future of computational power. Einstein's letter to Franklin Delano Roosevelt in September of 1939 was an extremely unreasonable letter. Edward...

Future Prospects

Nanotechnology, biotechnology, and information technology are moving closer together, following an accelerated path of unparalleled breakthroughs. Their focus on human dimensions is still emerging but promises to dominate the next decades. Despite efforts of workshop organizers, given the breadth of the topic, it was impossible to recruit leading experts in all the areas where the convergence of NBIC technologies are likely to have significant impacts in 10 to 20 years. In addition, work has...

Memetics A Potential New Science

Strong and William Sims Bainbridge, National Science Foundation 2 In the information society of the twenty-first century, the most valuable resource will not be iron or oil but culture. However, the sciences of human culture have lacked a formal paradigm and a rigorous methodology. A fresh approach to culture, based on biological metaphors and information science methodologies, could vastly enhance the human and economic value of our cultural heritage and provide cognitive science with...

Brain Machine Interface via a Neurovascular Approach

Makarov, NYU Medical School The issue of brain-machine (computer) interface is, without a doubt, one of the central problems to be addressed in the next two decades when considering the role of neuroscience in modern society. Indeed, our ability to design and build new information analysis and storage systems that are sufficiently light to be easily carried by a human, will serve as a strong impetus to develop such peripherals. Ultimately, the brain-machine...

Vision Developing Trading Zones a Metaphor for Working Together

A useful metaphor from the literature on science and technology studies is the trading zone. Peter Galison used it to describe how different communities in physics and engineering worked together to build complex particle detectors Galison 1997 . They had to develop a creole, or reduced common language, that allowed them to reach consensus on design changes Two groups can agree on rules of exchange even if they ascribe utterly different significance to the objects being exchanged they may even...

Sensor System Engineering Insights on Improving Human Cognition and Communication

The improvement of human cognition and communication can benefit from insights provided by top-down systems engineering used by Raytheon and other aerospace and defense companies to design and develop their products. Systems engineering is fundamental to the successful realization of complex systems such as multifunction radar sensors for high performance aircraft or the Army's Objective Force Warrior concept for the dismounted soldier. Systems engineering is very adept at exploring a wide...