Index

abalone mollusk, 1 absorption coefficient, 149 edge, CdSe, 90 acceleroraeter, 333 acceptor, 30 A1.30 Ga, 30 level, 21 acetal, 306, 307 acetylene, 105, 282 acoustic mode, 18 acrylate, 328 activation energy, 286 actuator, 333

bimorph cantilever, 339, 340 adatom, 258 adenine, 318, 322

adenosine triphosphate (ATP), 315, 316, 335

Ag (silver), 260 colloidal, photography, 72 doped glass, 285 halide, 2 matrix, 182

nanoparticle, Brillouin spectrum, 212 nanoparticle, preparation, 100, 101 nanoparticle, superlattice, 157 nanoparticles in glass, 149 nitrate, 2 air bag, 333, 334 A1 (aluminum), 130 acceptor, 30, 152 density of states, 244 donor, 30 electrode, 352 kin, 11

nanoparticle mass spectra, 85 unit cell, 78 27Al, nuclear magnetic resonance, 275 A!,!, 133, 134 Al13, 85, 275 nanoparticle, 78 nanoparticle binding energy, 80 AI23, 85

alanine, 317, 325

AlAs, 18,25

albumin, 315

AlClj, 130

alcohol, 263

aldehyde, 306, 307

AlGaAs, 252

alkali halide, 17

alkaline earth chalcogenide, 17

alkanethiol, 260, 263

alkanethiolate, 262, 263

alkylthiol, 143, 157

allyl, 328

AlOH on y-ahimina surface, 201 alpha helix, 314, 318 alphabet, four letter, 322 AlSb, 25

alternating bonds, 291 alumina, 200, 269, 351 nanoparticle passivation, 80 rods, 161 amido, 198

amino, 20, 58, 307, 314 amino acid, 227, 257, 310, 312, 315, 317 residue, 314 sequence, 324 structure, 315 unnatural, 325

amoeba, 316 amphiphilic, 327 anatase, 198, 269 AND gate, 353, 354 angular momentum, oibital, 86 antiferromagnetism, 166 aniline, 292 anionic, 326 anthracene, 288, 289 anti-Stokes line, 59 antisymmetric wavefunction, 167 At (argon), 269 aiagonite, 330 architecture, nanosize, 345 armchair, chiral, zigzag structures, 115, 118 Arrhenius plot, 286 process, 175 As (arsenic), size, 42 atomic force microscope (AFM), 52, 344, 345

cantilever probe arm, 56 map of surface, 336 radii of atoms, table of values, 362 ATP, acronym for adenosine triphosphate,

315, 316, 335 Au (gold), 13, 279 cluster, electrical conductivity mode, 145

cluster, melting point, 89 doped glass, 285 electrode, 351

encapsulated nanoparticle, 143 fluctuation induced changes in nanoparticle structure, 87 layer, 261-263 linked nanoparticles, 143 nanocluster, 86 nanoparticle, 85

nanoparticle, linked cluster current-

voltage relationship, 144 nanoparticle self-assembly, 157 nanoparticles in glass, optical spectrum, 148

nanoparticles, micrograph, 54 substrate, 4 AuJ5, 260 ligand stabilized, 13, 247-249, 277 nanoparticle, 13 audiospeaker, 192 Auger spectroscopy, 64 azide, 3, 334 azobenzene, 346, 347

B (boron) nanoparticle, 81-83 B6 nanocluster energy levels, 83 Bg nanocluster energy levels, 83 B12, 83 icosohedral structure, 154 nanocluster energy levels, 83 back-scattering of electrons, 48 bacteriophage, 312-315 bacterium, 312, 314, 316

motion, 335 band gap, 24, 81, 90 band structure conduction band valley, 25 direct gap, 24 GaAs, 24 Ge, 27

indirect gap, 25 Si, 27 valley, 24 bandgaps of semiconductors, table of values, 364 base pair, 318, 321 battery, 293

BCC, acronym for body centered cubic, 10,

12, 36 beads on string, 322 benzene, 282, 292

molecule gears, 343 beta sheet, 314, 315, 318 BET isotherm, 269 bifurcation, 299-302 Bi2Mo209, 270 catalyst, 271 biological materials, 310 biometrics, 329 biomineralization, 329, 330 birefringence, 287 block copolymer, 293, 305, 307 polymer, 305 blocking temperature, 176, 177 blood platelet, 316 blue shift, 196, 215 exciton energy, 245 optical absorption edge, 245 BN, boron nitride, 199, 200 body centered cubic (BCC), 10, 12, 36 Bohr magneton, 167 Bohr radius, effective, 33 Bombyx silk caterpillar, 325 bond broken, 31 disulfide, 318 hydrogen, 318

bone, 324 bongo dram, 2

Bose-Einstein condensation, 95 boson, 95

bottom-up nanostructure preparation, 227 Br (bromine), 277 Bragg angle, 41 condition, 41 reflection, 38, 160 Bravais lattice, 9 three dimensional, 10 two dimensional, 9, 10 Bremsstrahlung isochromat spectroscopy

(BIS), 64 bright field image, 48, 49 Brillouin scattering, 61, 203, 210 spectra and particle size, 213 spectroscopy, 210 spectrum, 210, 211 Brillouin zone, 20 figure, 23 GaAs, 23

symmetry lines, 23, 24 symmetry points, 23, 24, 28 two dimensional, 22, 23 brittle fracture, 137 brittle-to-ductile transition, 138 Bransted acid, 270, 276

site, 272 Brownian motion, 277 Brunauer Emmett-Teller adsorption isotherm, 269 brush polymer, 158 buckyball, 113 bulk nanostructure, 133

chill block melt fabrication, 136 electrodeposition fabrication, 137 gas atomization fabrication, 137 gas deposition fabrication, 137 materials, 133 bulk-to-nano transition, 88 butadiene, 282 butanol, 265, 266

l3C, 199 in fullerene, 109 nuclear magnetic resonance, 69 C20, 113 Cjj, 113 C«„45 alkali doped, 110-112

crystal, 110

crystal unit cell, 111

discovery, 107

infrared spectrum, 108, 109

mass spectrum, 107

nuclear magnetic resonance singlet,

69,70 soccer ball structure, 111 superconductivity, 112 C70, 45, 113 mass spectrum, 107 rugby ball shaped, nuclear magnetic resonance, 69 C76, 45, 113 C78,45 C50, 113 C82.45 Cm, 113

calcium carbonate, CaC03, 1, 281 cantilever, 334, 335 bimorph actuator, 339 nanosize, 344 oscillation, 345 tip, 341

capacitance, interparticle, 248 capacitor, 246, 247 carbon (C)

chemical bond, 103, 104, 106 cluster, 106 clusters, figure, 108 glassy, 209

nanostructure, 103, 106 carbonate, 1, 281 carrier density figure, 26 GaAs, 29 Ge, 29 Si, 29 cartilage, 324 catalysis, 257, 264 definition, 12? heterogeneous, 264 homogeneous, 264 reactivity, 37 catalyst, 198, 227, 300 Co, 298 pillard, 277 catenane, 347, 348 cathedral windows, 1 cathodohiminescence, 153 cationic, 326

Cd (cadmium) superconductor, 254 C4,S4, 223 CdO, 130

CdS, 9, 130, 213, 216, 361 fluorescence, 216-221 glow peak, 221, 222 in zeolite cages, 221 nanociystal, 285 photoluminescence, 224 thermohiminescence, 224 CdSe absorption edge, 90 colloidal, 61 fluorescence, 215, 217 nanocrystal, 285

nanoparticle size dependence of energy gap, 64 optical spectrum, 63, 90, 91 quantum dot, 214, 216 cellulose acetate, 2 center deep, 31 shallow, 31 CR, methane, 104, 105, 282 CjH8 cubane, 97 CzoHjo dodecahedron, 105, 106 charcoal, 209

charge coupled device, 195 C20HBr,3, 113 chemical bond carbon, 103-106 waveiunction, 17 chemical sensor, 128 chemical shift, 270 chemochromic, 293 chill block melt spinning, 136 chip, 127, 333

Intel, Pentium, 127 chirality, 118 chlorophyll, 315 chloroplast, 316 cholesterol, 315, 328, 329 chromatin, 320, 322 chromatographic column, 46 chromatography, 45 chromophor, 300 chromosome, 316, 321 circular well, 239, 240 circumferential vector, 117 CI (chlorine), 11, 277 clay, 273, 274 cluster array, 143, 145 cluster, water, 96, 97 CO carbon monoxide, 198, 281 infrared spectrum, 198, 199 C02 carbon dioxide, 198, 281 cluster, 97

infrared spectrum, 198, 199

Co (cobalt) catalyst, 298 nanoparticle, 182

nanoparticle magnetoresistance, 184 C03O4, 270 code word, 323 coding strand, 322 codon, 317, 325 coercive field, 170

particle size dependence, 173 coherence length, 254 coke, 209, 277 collagen, 311, 324 colloid, 3, 279, 280

solution, 143 color of nanocluster, 82 colossal magnetoresistance, 181-185 compact disk (CD), 5 complementary strand, 319, 322 computer switch, 6

concentration of electrons, intrinsic, 31 conductance, 147 differentia], 119 quantization, 4 conduction band, 20

figure, 21 conduction electron content, table, 233 electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum, 100 conductive polymer, 292, 293 conductivity electrical, 22

electrical, temperature dependence, 22

confinement dimensions, table, 234 electron, 157 partial, 241, 358 quantum, 3 conformation change, 351 controlling electrode, 246 Cooper pair, 254 copolymer, 293, 294, 306 block, 293

electron paramagnetic resonance, 306, 308

cordierite, 212, 213 cornea of eye, 324 Cotton-Mouton effect, 189 Coulomb attraction, exciton, 90 blockade, 121, 157, 233, 247, 255 blockade, quantum dot, 71 charging energy, 247

explosion, 93 force, 244

interaction, 196, 244 interaction, exciton, 32 staircase, 247, 248, 256 counterion, 295, 297, 298 covalency, fractional, 17, 18 Cr (chromium), 262

nanostructure, micrograph, 57, 58 Cr2C>3 chromia, 270 crack, 137, 138 cracking reaction, 277 crystal growth, activation energy, 286 lattice, 36 plane, 38 space group, 37 structure, 9, 10 system, 36 system, table, 37 crystallography, 37 Cu (copper), 260, 279 electron affinity, 84 electron paramagnetic resonance, 69 nanocluster, 83

nanoparticle, photoelectron spectrum, 84

nanostructure, 137 nanostructure, stress-strain curve, 141

surface, 338, 339 wire, conductivity, 121 Cu20, exciton optical spectrum,

90,91 cuhane C8H8, 105, 106 cuboctrahedron, 12 Curie law, 176

temperature, 168, 185 current dark, 250 threshold, 254 CuSCX, electrolyte, 137 cyanide, 300 cyano, 298

cyclohexane, 265, 266 cyclohexene, 265, 266 cyclotron resonance, 30 cytosine, 315, 318, 320, 322

Dahon, 284, 312 damping factor, 342, 343 dangling bond, 55 dark current, 250

field image, 48, 49 de Broglie wavelength, 45 Debye screening length, 159 temperatures of semiconductors, table of values, 367 -Scherrer powder x-ray diffraction, 41 decalin, 171 deep trap level, 21 defect, Frenkel, 232 degeneracy, 239

valley, 26 de Haas-van Alphen effect, 244 dehydroxylation, 276 dekatessaiahedron, 12 delocalization, 357

dimensions, table, 234 delta function, 242 dendralyst, 300-302 dendrimer, 296-305

supramolecular, 302 dendritic molecule, 296 densities of semiconductors, table of values, 363 density of states, 234-237, 241 confined elections, 242, 243 confinement, 359, 360 dimensions, table, 236 energy dependence, 237 functional theory, 80 phonon, 242 desoxyiibonucleic acid, (DNA), 310, 311,

314, 316, 320, 323 desoxyribose sugar, 318, 319 diacetylene, 282, 290, 291 diallyl, 328 diamine, 298, 300 diamond, 205, 207 Raman spectrum, 208 structure, 15 structure figure, 16 diatomic chain, 19

dielectric constants of semiconductors, table of values, 366 dielectric gap, 162 differential thermal analysis (DTA),

270,272 diffraction limit, 341 diflractometer, 38 dimensionality, 357

effects, 231 dipole moment, 344 dipole-dipole interaction, 168 dislocation, 138 edge, 138

dispersion, 277 disulfide bond, 318 divergent ' growth, 299 synthesis, 299 DNA (desoxyribonucleic acid), 310, 311, 314, 316, 320, 323 double helix, sketch, 321 double nanowire, 316 successive foldings, 322 dodecahedral structure, 114 domain ferrimagnetic, 166 ferromagnetic, 166, 169 growth, 169 rotation, 169 donor, 30 level, 21 d-orbital, 87 dots in a well, 251 double helix, 310 nanowire, 310 refraction, 287 well potential, 174-176 drain, 245, 246 dual space, 22 dye molecules, 288 dynamics of nanomagnets, 172

edge dislocation, 138

EELS, acronym for electron energy loss spectroscopy, 64, 66 effective mass definition, 28 exciton, 32 GaAs, 34 longitudinal, 30

semiconductors, table of values, 365 transverse, 30 elastin, 315, 325

electrical conduction along chain molecule, 350

electrical properties of nanostructure, 142 electrochemical cell, 128 Raman spectrum, 129 electrochromic, 293 electrodeposition, 137 electroluminescence, 153 electron affinity, 83, 84, 153, 180 conduction electrons, EPR, 99, 100 copolymer, EPR, 306, 308

diffraction, 37 donor, 180

energy loss spectroscopy (EELS), 64, 66 gun, 125

micrograph, 311, 312 paramagnetic resonance (EPR), 69, 308 spin resonance (ESR), 68 emulsion, silver halide, 2 energy activation, 143 surface, ellipsoidal, 26 thermal, 175 energy band, 20 parabolic, figure, 25 small metal cluster, 82 energy gap pressure dependence, 26 temperature dependence, 26 enzyme, 227, 324, 328 epitaxial film, 3

film, face centered cubic, 37 film, hexagonal close packed, 37 growth, 3 epitaxy, molecular beam, 35 EPR, acronym for electron paramagnetic resonance, 69, 308 erythrocyte, 316, 324 Escherichia coli, 316 ester, 263 ethanol, 265, 266 ethylene, 105 glycol, 307 Euler buckling force, 344 exchange coupling, 172 interaction, 167 exciton, 196, 244 confinement, 92 effective mass, 32 energy levels, 90 fluorescence, 219 Frenkel, 34

Mott-Wannier, 34, 244 optical spectrum, 34, 91 radius, 34, 245 self trapped, 287 spectrum, 197 exclusion principle, 167 exothermic, 270

face centered cubic (FCC), 10, 36 nearest neighbor distance, 13

sublaitice, 15 unit cell figure, 12, 13 face centered tetragonal, 79 failure mechanism, 137 fascicle, 311, 316 faujasite, 154

FCC, acronym for face centered cubic, 10,

12, 13, 15, 36 Fe (iron), 279 circular array, 338, 339 electronic structure, 165 granular, 139 in human body, 176 nanoparticle, blocking temperature, 177

nanoparticle, reactivity with hydrogen gas, 86 Young's modulus, 139 Fe nanoparticles on nanotubes, 177 coercive field, 179 hysteresis loop, 179 micrograph, 178 remnant magnetization, 180 FeBiSi alloy, 147 FeCo alloy yield strength, 140 FeCr alloy magnetoresistance, 183 FeCu alloy, 133

nanoparticle grain size, 135 stress-strain curve, 135 femtometer, 7 Fe203 hematite, 270

substrate, 85 Fe304 magnetite, 186, 270 FePt, 174

nanoparticle, 173 Fermi circle, 235 energy, 145 gas, 234, 241 level, 146 region, 235 sphere, 29, 235, 241 surface, 29 Fermi-Dirac distribution, 146 fermion, 95 fenimagnetism, 166 ferritin, 176

iron content, 178 ferroftuid, 3, 186 applications, 192 diffraction grating, 191 optical polarization, 190 ferromagnet, 6, 153

nonpolymeric organic, 180 ferromagnetism, 6, 165, 166 itinerant, 181

single domain nanoparticle, 182 FET, acronym for field effect transistor, 4,

126, 246 fiberoptic cable, 164 fibril, 311

fibrinogen, 312-315 fibroin, 325

field effect transistor (FET), 4, 126, 246

nanotube, 126 field emission, 125 flagella, 335 flocculation, 277 fluorescence, 151 fluorocarfoon, 263 flux quantum, 255 Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FITR), 59

transform infrared spectrum, 198-202 transform, fast, 49 transformation, 39 Franck-van der Merwe growth, 259 free electron approximation, 159 free energy, 259 Frenkel exciton, 34 defect, 232 friction, 333

force microscope, 57 FTIR, acronym for Fourier transform infrared (spectroscopy), 59 fuel cell, 127 fiillerene, 3, 205, 289 discovery, 108-110 endohedral, 45, 70 ferromagnetic, 180 graphitic structure, 180 infrared spectrum, 208 endohedral La, hyperfine structure, 71 mass spectrum, 46, 107 nanocrystal, 153 nuclear magnetic resonance, 70 polarize and rotate, 344 Raman spectrum, 208 sketch, 111, 288 small and large, 111 fiiran, 278

Ga (gallium) acceptor, 30

Ga (gallium) (continued)

size, 42 GaAs, 9, 15, 42, 260, 361 band structure, 24 bond distance, 45 BriUouin zone, 23 carrier density, 26, 29 effective mass, 34 exciton, 244, 245 excitonic spectrum, 197 micrograph, 261 mixed crystal, 18 quantum dot, 228, 231 quantum well, 227, 249, 250 quantum wire, 228 specific surface area, 267 substrate, 143 galaxy, 107 galvanic series, 292 gamma globulin (y-globulin), 312, 313 GaN, 199 XPS, 64 GaP energy band, 25 gas atomization, 137 gate, AND, 353, 354 Gd (gadolinium) electron paramagnetic resonance, 69 Ge (germanium), 9, 15, 25, 26, 260 bandgap, 31 carrier density, 26, 29 film, 203

nanocrystal Raman spectrum, 59,61,62, 203-205 gelatin, 2 genome, 321 geometric structure, 78 germanium, see Ge, giant magnetoresistance, 181 Gibbs free energy, 259 glass

Au nanoparticles, 148 color, 2

ion exchange doping, 150 globular protein, 315 glow peak, 221, 222 glutamate, 317 glutamic acid, 317 glycine, 315, 317, 325 glycogen, 315 gold, see Au grain nanosized, 6 size determination, 41 graphite, 205, 207 Raman spectrum, 208, 209

spectroscopy, 108 graphitic sheet, 117, 118 group, space group, 36, 37 growth, divergent, 299 guanine, 315, 318, 320, 322 guest molecule, 304

hairy nanosphere, 294 Hali-Petch equation, 139, 140 haploid, 321

hard magnetic material, 170 harmonic oscillator, damped, 342 HCP, see hexagonal close packed, H/D exchange, 199 He (helium) lambda transition, 96 liquid, 96 specific heat, 96 superfluid, 95 heats of formation of semiconductors, table of values, 367 Heaviside step function, 242 Heisenberg model, 167

uncertainty principle, 82 heme, 73

hemoglobin, 176, 313, 315, 324 heredity, 323 heterocyclic, 276 heteroepitaxy, 258

hexagonal close packed (HCP), 11, 36 hexamer, 303 hexane, 279 hexyl, 279

HF (hydrogen fluoride), 151, 152 histone, 319, 320 hole, 21, 25

valence band, 25, 30 hormone, 315 H2S, 130 hybridization, 105 hydrogen atom, 75

atom energy levels, 77 atom wavefunction, 76 bond, 318-320 -deuterium exchange, 199 molecule, 77 hydrophilic, 279, 305, 326 hydrophobic, 305 hydrosol, 277, 279 hydroxyl OH, 20, 198 FTTR, 59

Raman spectrum, 96

hydroxyproline, 324, 325 hyperfolding, 320 hysteresis, 168, 177 loop, 170

icosahedral structure, 153, 154 imido, 198 FTIR, 59 In (indium) cluster, 79 size, 42

superconductor, 254 InAs, 18,42, 260 islands, 261 micrograph, 261 quantum dot, 251 index of refraction intensity dependence, 149 of semiconductors, table of values, 367 inert-gas nanocluster, 94 influenza virus, 315 infiared, 195, 196 active, 205, 207 sensor, 334 spectroscopy, 58 surface spectroscopy, 198 infiared detector quantum well, 248-251 InGaAs, 251-253 InP, XPS, 65 insulator, 20 insulin, 315 interstellar dust, 109 intraband scattering, 232 intrinsic semiconductor, 21 inverse photoelectron spectroscopy (IPS),

64 ionization energy, 66

energy of outer electrons, plot, 67 ionization energies of semiconductors, table of values, 366 Ir (iridium), 279 isomerization photo, 345 trans-to-cis, 346 isoprene, 284

itinerant ferromagnetism, 181

jellium model, 3, 75, 77 Josephson junction, 244, 255 junction, metal-insulator-metal, 146

magnetization, 112 KCl, 153, 344 Keggin ion, 275, 276 Kelly-Tyson equation, 131 Kerr shutter, 287 Kharash addition reaction, 301 kinetic control, 258 Kirkwood-Adler transition, 158 KOH, 128

Kr (krypton) nanocluster, 94 Kramers-Kronig analysis, 59

La (lanthanum), 71 LaC82, 45, 46 electron paramagnetic resonance, 68, 69, 71

lambda point, 96 transition, 96 LaMnOj, 184

structure, 185 Landau band, quantum dots, 70 level, 122 Langmuir-Blodgett film, 260 laser evaporation, 97 excitation, 220

focused atomic disposition, 57, 58 hybrid, 251 infiared, 252

nanoparticle preparation, 101 polarized, 42 quantum dot, 5, 251-253 quantum well, 251 quantum wire, 251 vaporization, 45 lateral force microscope, 57 lattice constant, 38, 39

constants of semiconductors, table of values, 362 mismatch, 18, 259 plane, 39

plane indices hkl, 39 vibration, normal mode, 18 lead, see Pb length characteristic, 4

length (continued) critical, 4 scattering, 4 Lennaid-Jones potential, 95 lens objective, 47, 48 projector, 47, 48 leukocyte, 316 Lewis acid, 276 site, 202, 272 strength, 273 Li (lithium) nanoparticle synthesis, 99 stored in nanotube, 127 UB(C2H5)3H, 98 ligament, 324 ligand stabilization, 13, 79 light emitting diode (LED), 293 scattering, 286 LiNj (lithium azide), 99 linked cluster, 143 linker region, 320 lipid, 328

lipophilic (same as hydrophobic),

279, 326 lipoprotein, 313, 315 liposome, 328

unilaminar, 328 liquid crystal, 187

short range order, 9, 166 lithography, 35, 126, 143, 227-230 electron beam, 2, 4, 160, 228, 229, 336, 340

molecular switch, 353 nanoimprint, 336, 337 photo, 344 x-ray, 160 locked moment magnetism, 88 logic gate, 351 longitudinal acoustic (LA) mode, 20 mode, 19

optical (LO) mode, 20 long range order, 9

low energy electron diffraction (LEED), 45

luminescence, 151, 195, 196, 213 emission model, 221 perylene, 287 Lycurgus cup, 1 lysosome, 316

macromolecule, 257 macroscopic, 311 magic number, 3, 13, 74 Al,3 nanoparticle, 78, 80, 85, 276 Au55 nanoparticle, 13,247-249,260,277 electronic, 15, 75 energy, 74, 76 energy, figure, 76

face centered cubic nanoparticle, 13 figure, 15

hexagonal close packed nanoparticle, 13 inert gas-nanoparticle, 94 mass spectrometer measurement, 74 metal atom, 74 Nai4i5 nanoparticle, 14, 15 Pd56i nanoparticle, 14 potential, figure, 76 Pt3o9 nanoparticle, 14 sodium Na„ nanoparticle, 14, 15 structural, 13, 15, 75, 94 structural, table, 14 Ti13 nanoparticle, 278 magnetic information storage, 147

material, hard, 170

material, soft, 170

moment, 165, 167

moment measured by Stem-Gerlach experiment, 88 moment, net, 87 nanoparticle chain, 188, 189 resonance, 68

susceptibilities of semiconductors, table of values, 369 magnetism, locked moment, 88 magnetite, 186 magnetization, 168 curve, reversible, 171 remnant, 169, 170 saturation, 170 magnetoftuid, 186 magnetoresistance colossal, 181 giant, 4, 181 magnetorestrictive effect, 334 mass analyzer, 43 free electron, 28

molecular of semiconductors, table of values, 363 spectrometer, 43, 84, 106 spectrometer, figure, 44 spectrometer, time of flight, 45 spectrum, Pb cluster, 75

effective, see effective mass mean free path, 73, 232 definition, 47 electron, 47 mechanical properties of nanostructures, 139 reinforcement, 130 medieval cathedral, 1

melting points of semiconductors, table of values, 367 merocyanine, 347, 348

mesoscopic, 311 U

messenger RNA, 323

metal

-insulator junction, 146 organic, 292

oxide semiconductor (MOS), 195 metaphase chromosome, 321, 322 metakable, 196 methacrylate, 328 methane CH,, 104, 105, 282

structure, 104 methanol, 265, 266 methyl CH3, 198, 263 methyl methacrylate, 301 Mg (magnesium), 274 ion, 11, 12 radius, 11, 12 MgAl20<t spinel, 11 MgO, 11 MgS, 11

micelle, 305, 326, 327 critical concentration, 328 dendritic, 306 microcontact printing, 263 microelectromechanical device, 334, 335 systems, 332 microemulsion, 327 microfibril, 311

microhardness of semiconductors, table of values, 369 microscale, 333 microwave absorption, 71 Mie theory, 2, 149 miniaturization, 333 mitochondrion, 316 Mn (manganese) electron paramagnetic resonance, 308 mixed valence system, 184 MnO, 11 MnS, 11

Mo (molybdenum) nanoparticle synthesis, 98

x-radiation, 40

x-ray line energy levels, sketch, 68 mobility Ge and Si, 31

semiconductor, table of values, 366 mode, vibrational longitudinal, 19 transverse, 19 molecular beam epitaxy, 35

mass of semiconductors, table of values,

0 0

Post a comment