s u








rotational catalysis in the F0F1 ATP synthase. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 2000, 1458 (2-3), 289-299.

23. Abrahams, P.; Leslie, A.G.W.; Lutter, R.; Walker, J.E. Structure at 2.8 A resolution of FrATPase from bovine heart mitochondria. Nature 1994, 370, 621-628.

24. Tsunoda, S.P.; Muneyuki, E.; Amano, T.; Yoshida, M.; Noji, H. Cross-linking of two beta subunits in the closed conformation in FrATPase. J. Biol. Chem. 1999, 274, 5701-5706.

25. Ren, H.; Dou, C.; Stelzer, M.S.; Allison, W.S. Oxidation of the alpha(3)(beta D311C/R333C)(3)gamma subcom-plex of the thermophilic Bacillus PS3F(1)-ATPase indicates that only two beta subunits can exist in the closed conformation simultaneously. J. Biol. Chem. 1999, 274 (44), 31,366-31,372.

26. Noji, H.; Yasuda, R.; Yoshida, M.; Kinosita, K. Direct observation of the rotation of FrATPase. Nature 1997, 386 (6622), 299-302.

27. Boyer, P.D. The binding change mechanism for ATP synthase—some probabilities and possibilities. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1993, 1140, 215-250.

28. Allison, W. FrATPase: A molecular motor that hydrolyzes ATP with sequential opening and closing of catalytic sites coupled to rotation of its subunit. Acc. Chem. Res. 1998, 31, 819-826.

29. Kaibara, C.; Matsui, T.; Hisabori, T.; Yoshida, M. Structural asymmetry of F1-ATPase caused by the g subunit generates a high-affinity nucleotide binding site. J. Biol. Chem. 1996, 271, 2433-2438.

30. Perutz, M.F. Mechanism of cooperativity and allosteric regulation in proteins. Q. Rev. Biophys. 1989, 22, 139-237.

31. Glusker, J.P. Structural aspects of metal liganding to functional groups in proteins. Adv. Protein Chem. 1991, 42, 1-76.

32. Hellinga, H.W.; Richards, F.M. Construction of new ligand-binding sites in proteins of known structure. 1. Computer-aided modeling of sites with predefined geometry. J. Mol. Biol. 1991, 222 (3), 763-785.

33. Marvin, J.S.; Hellinga, H.W. Conversion of a maltose receptor into a zinc biosensor by computational design. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 2001, 98, 4955-4960.

34. Benson, D.; Haddy, A.E.; Hellinga, H.W. Converting a maltose receptor into a nascent binuclear copper oxygenase by computational design. Biochemistry 2002, 41, 3262-3269.

35. Shirakihara, Y.; Leslie, A.G.W.; Abrahams, J.P.; Walker, J.E.; Ueda, T.; Sekimoto, Y.; Kambara, M.; Saika, K.; Kagawa, Y.; Yoshida, M. The crystal structure of the nucleotide-free subcomplex of F1-ATPase from the thermophilic Bacillus PS3 is a symmetric trimer. Structure 1997, 5 (6), 825-836.

36. Marvin, J.; Corcoran, E.; Hattangadi, N.; Zhang, J.; Gere, S.; Hellinga, H. The rational design of allosteric interactions in a monomeric protein and its applications to the construction of biosensors. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1997, 98, 4366-4371.

37. Wisz, M.S.; Garrett, C.Z.; Hellinga, H.W. Construction of a family of Cys2His2 zinc binding sites in the hydro-phobic core of thioredoxin by structure-based design. Biochemistry 1998, 37, 8269-8277.

38. Christianson, D.W.; Cox, J.D. Catalysis by metal-activated hydroxide in zinc and manganese metallo-enzymes. Annu. Rev. Biochem. 1999, 68, 33-57.

39. Pavletich, N.P.; Pabo, C.O. Zinc finger-DNA recognition: crystal structure of a Zif268-DNA complex at 2.1 A. Science 1991, 252, 809-817.

40. Matsui, T.; Yoshida, M. Expression of the wild-type and the Cys-/Trp-less a3b3g complex of thermophilic FrATPase in Escherichia coli. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1995, 1231, 139.

41. Qiagen The QIAexpressionist™. A Hand Book for High-Level Expression and Purification of 6 His-Tagged Protein; QIAGEN, 2000.

42. Pullman, M.E.; Penefsky, H.S.; Datta, A.; Racker, E. Partial resolution of the enzyme catalyzing oxidative-phosphorylation. I. Purification and properties of soluble, dinitrophenol-stimulated adenosine triphospha-tase. J. Biol. Chem. 1960, 235, 3322-3329.

43. Segel, I.H. Enzyme Kinetics; Wiley & Sons: New York, 1975.

44. Matsui, T.; Muneyuki, E.; Honda, M.; Allison, W.S.; Dou, C.; Yoshida, M. Catalytic activity of the a3b3g complex of F1-ATPase without noncatalytic nucleotide binding site. J. Biol. Chem. 1997, 272, 8215-8221.

45. Yasuda, R.; Noji, H.; Kinosita, K.; Yoshida, M. F1-ATPase is a highly efficient molecular motor that rotates with discrete 120 degrees steps. Cell 1998, 93 (7), 1117-1124.

Solar Power

Solar Power

Start Saving On Your Electricity Bills Using The Power of the Sun And Other Natural Resources!

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment