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2000 1800 1600 1400 I iOD 1000 Wavenurnbet (cm1) 2000 1800 1600 1400 I iOD 1000 Wavenurnbet (cm1) Figure 5. In situ infrared spectra of photodegradation of formate preadsorbed on sputtered TiCh films with different structure after different times (0, 6 and 48 min) of solar light illumination employing a 200 W Xe lamp with AMI .5 filters. In Figure 6 is shown an overview of photodegradation of formate on a wide range of TiCh nanoparticles with different structure, crystallinity and size. It is...

Results And Discussions

Alpha-step profilometer is one of the common methods chosen for the thickness measurement. To make steps for measurement, test patterns of the films are prepared usually by the lift-off technique. The thickness and growth rate of CNX films with different growth conditions are reported and an empirical model of the thickness is included for the thickness calculation to find the growth conditions for aimed thickness. When we pursuit the growth of crystalline carbon nitride, short distance between...

Ceramic Nanofibers For Clean Energy Sources Excitonic Solar Cells

One of the major challenges that future generations will face is to find out solutions for the increasing energy needs. This challenge stems from the limitations in the stock of natural fossil fuels. Therefore, search for alternate energy source that are not only renewable but also clcan from environmental and other hazards has been initiated worldwide. Photovoltaics (PV) are a promising technology that directly takes advantage of our planet's ultimate source of power - the sun. When exposed to...

Materials And Methods

Commercial nanocrystalline transition alumina powders (NanoTek by Nanophase Technology. USA, 99.95 purity, average crystallite size of 47 nm34) and YCly6H20 (Aldrich, CAS. N 10025-94-2, 99.99 purity) were employed for the preparation of 95 vol. AI Oj- 5 vol. YAG (AY95) powders. Many aqueous NanoTek alumina slurries (solid content of 33 wt. ) were prepared and powder de-agglomeration was obtained under magnetic stirring tor several hours (up to 120 hrs) or by ball milling for 2.5 hrs by using...

Introduction

Most failures for mechanical components occur on surfaces such as wear, corrosion, fatigue fracture, fretting fatigue, etc. Therefore, optimization of the surface microstructure and chemistry is an effective approach to eliminate the failures of mechanical parts. One of the effective modifications of surface microstructure is surface nanocrystallization. Surface nanocrystallization increased surface hardness1, physical properties2, and wear and corrosion properties3'4. Surface chemistry...

References

Harris, Carbon Nanotube Composites, Int. Mater. Rev., 49, 31 -43 (2004). 2M. F. Yu, O. Lourie, M. J. Dyer, K. Moloni, T. F. Kelly, and R. S. Ruoff, Strength and Breaking Mechanism of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes under Tensile Load, Science, 287, 637-40 (2000). 3H. J. Li, W. G. Lu, J. J. Li, X. D. Bai, and C. Z. Gu, Multichannel Ballistic Transport in Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes, Phys. Rev. Lett., 95, (2005). JP. Kim, L. Shi, A. Majumdar, and P. L. McEuen, Thermal Transport Measurements...

Effect Of Carbon Nanotubes Addition On Matrix Microstructure And Thermal Conductivity Of Pitch Based Carbon Carbon

Lalit Mohan Manocha''4 , Rajesh Pande1, Harshad Patel', S. Manocha1, Ajit Roy2 and J. P. Singh'1 'Department of Materials Science, Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar 388 120, Gujarat, India 4 Sophisticated Instrumentation Centre for Advanced research and Testing. Vallabh Vidyanagar -388 120. Gujarat, India

Rv3

Variation of the AFM parameters with PEG content for a TiOi I Fe Another important parameter in the anatase phase stabilization is the porosity P of the films which was calculated from the refractive index n of the film from the formula21 P l- n2-l no2-l , where no is the refractive index of anatase. The refractive index was obtained from ellipsometric analysis. The computations were done by taken into account the EMA22 model with two layers on the substrate Ti02 Fe, PEG film first...