Commercialization Scope

Commercial R& D work is now being focused on nanotechnology in order to translate the pure science discoveries into usable products. While there is extensive academic and institutional interest and activity, there is also rapidly expanding commercial activity. Significant nanotechnology research work has been undertaken in recent years at the six national Nanoscale Science and Engineering Centers, located at Columbia University (New York), Cornell University (Ithaca, NY), Rensselaer...

F16 Transmission Electron Microscopes TEMs

The TEMs support a range of applications requiring ultra-high-resolution down to sub-Angstrom levels. TEMs utilize very thin (0.5 im or less) samples illuminated by an electron beam. Images are recorded by detecting the electrons that pass through the sample (similar to what happens with the light in a slide projector). These electrons pass through a system of electromagnetic lenses and are focused as an enlarged image on a fluorescent screen, a photographic film or a digital camera....

G4 Quantum Information Theory

This section is a survey of the current and prospective future development of QIT. Continuing progress in QIT is crucial to the ultimate success of the laboratory implementation of QC. QIT addresses itself to performing useful processing tasks with noisy resources, and doing so optimally. The laboratory work in quantum information is and will be plagued by noise, and knowing the strategies for dealing with these e.g., using a well-chosen quantum error-correcting code will be very important for...