References

[1] S. Manne, P.K. Hansma, J. Massie, V.B. Elings, A.A. Gerwirth, Science 251, 183 (1991).

[2] T.R.I. Cataldi, I.G. Blackham, I.A.D. Briggs, J.B. Pethica, H.O.A. Hill, J. Electroanal. Chem. 290,1 (1990).

[3] A.J. Bard, F-R. Fan, Faraday Discuss. 94,1 (1992).

[4] F.A. Möller, O.M. Magnussen, R.J. Behm, Phys. Rev. B 51,2484 (1995).

[5] O.M. Magnussen, J. Hotlos, RJ. Nichols, D.M. Kolb, R.J. Behm, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2929 (1990).

[6] O.R. Melroy, M.F. Toney, G.L. Borges, M.G. Samant, J.B. Kortright, P.N. Ross, L. Blum, Phys. Rev. B 38,10962 (!988).

[7] M.F. Toney, J.G. Gordon, M.G. Samant, G.L. Borges, O.R. Melroy, D. Yee, L.B. Sorensen, Phys. Rev B 45, 9362 (1992).

[8] O.R. Melroy, M.G. Samant, G.L. Borges, J.G. Gordon, L. Blum, J.H. White, MJ. Albarelli, M. McMillan, H.D. Abruna, Langmuir 4,728 (1988).

[9] J.H. White, M.J. Albarelli, H.D. Abruna, L. Blum, O.R. Melroy, M.G. Samant, G.L. Borges, J.G. Gordon, J. Phys. Chem. 92,4436 (1988).

[10] D.M. Kolb in Advances in Electrochemistry and Electrochemical Engineering, H. Gerischer and C. Tobias (Eds.), Wiley-VCH, New York, Vol. 11.

[11] M.F. Toney, J.N. Howard, J. Richer, G.L. Borges, J.G. Gordon, O.R. Melroy, D. Yee, L.B. Sorensen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75,4472 (1995).

[12] Z. Shi, J. Lipkowski, J. Electroanal. Chem.365,289 (1994).

[13] C. Chen, S.M. Vesecky, A.A. Gerwirth, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 114,451 (1992).

[14] C. Chen, A.A. Gerwirth, Ultramicroscopy 42-44,437 (1992).

[15] T. Hachiya, K. Itaya, Ultramicroscopy 42-44,445 (1992).

[16] Y. Nakai, M.S. Zei, D.M. Kolb, G. Lehmpfuhl, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 88, 340 (1984).

[17] D.D. Chambliss, R.J. Wilson, J. Vac. Sei. Technol. B 9, 928 (1991).

[18] M.M. Dovek, C.A. Lang, J. Nogami, C.F. Quate, Phys. Rev. B 40, 11973 (1989).

[19] A. Tadjeddine, D. Guay, M. Ladouceur, G. Tourillon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2235 (1991).

[20] Z. Shi, J. Lipkowski, J. Electroanal. Chem. 365, (1994).

[21] P. Zelenay, L.M. Rice-Jackson, A. Wieckowski, Surf. Sei. 256,253 (1991).

[22] M.F. Toney, J.G. Gordon, M.G. Samant, G.L. Borges, O.R. Melroy, D. Yee, L.B. Sorensen, J. Phys. Chem. 99,4733 (1995).

[23] C. Chen, K. Kepler, A.A. Gerwirth, J. Wang, B. Ocko, J. Phys. Chem. 97, 7290 (1993).

[24] K. Jacobsen, J. Norskov, M. Puska, Phys. Rev. B 35, 7423 (1987).

[25] A.J. Schell-Sorokin, R.M. Tromp, Surf. Sei. 319,110 (1994).

[26] A.J. Schell-Sorokin, R.M. Tromp, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64,1039 (1990).

[27] R.E Martinez, W.M. Augustyniak, J.A. Golovchenko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65,1035 (1990).

[28] R.A. Fredlein, A. Damjanovic, J.O'M. Bockris, Surf. Sci.25, 261 (1971).

[29] R. Raiten, H-J. Butt, J.Phys. Chem.99,15728 (1995).

[30] W. Haiss, J.K. Sass, J. Electroanal. Chem. 386, 267 (1995).

[31] L. Jaeckel, G. Läng, K.E. Heusler, Electrochim. Acta 39, 1081 (1994).

[32] D. Sarid, Scanning Force Microscopy, with Applications in Electric, Magnetic and Atomic Forces, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1991

[33] S.J. O'Shea, M.E. Weiland, T.A. Brunt, A.R. Ramadan, T. Rayment, J. Vac. Sei. Technol. B, in press

[34] T. Thundat, E.A. Wächter, S.L. Sharp, R.J. Warmack, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66,1695 (1995).

[35] T. Thundat, G.Y. Chen, D.P. Allison, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 519 (1994).

[36] G.Y. Chen, T. Thundat, E.A. Wächter, R.J. Warmack, J. Appl. Phys. 77, 3618 (1995).

[37] J.R. Barnes, R.J. Stephenson, M.E. Weiland, Ch. Gerber, J.K. Gimzewski, Nature (London) 372, 79 (1994).

[38] J.A. DeRose, D.B. Lampner, S.M. Lindsay, N.J. Tao, J. Vac. Sei. Technol. A 11, 776 (1993).

[39] J.E. Sader, I. Larson, P. Mulvaney, L.R. White, Rev. Sei. Instrum.66, 3789 (1995).

[40] D.M. Mohilner, T.R. Beck, J. Phys. Chem.83, 1160 (1979).

[41] O.M. Magnussen, J. Hageböck, J. Hotlos, R.J. Behm, Faraday Discuss. 94, 329 (1992)

[42] G. Horanyi, E.M. Rizmayer, P. Joo, J. Electroanal. Chem. 152,211 (1983).

[43] P. Zelenay, L.M. Rice-Jackson, J. Gawlowski, A. Wieckowski, Surf. Sei. 256, 253 (1991).

[44] H. Uchida, M. Miura, M. Watanabe, J. Electroanal. Chem.386, 261 (1995).

Electrochemical Nanotechnology

In-situ Local Probe Techniques at Electrochemical Interfaces Edited by W. J. Lorenz and W. Plieth © WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH, 1998

0 0

Post a comment