Approach

1.2.1 Screening

In the first screening phase of the project, starting points for potential nano-spin-ons and nano-spin-offs were identified. To this end, Internet-, literature and patent searches were accomplished. The following sources were used:

• Literature data bases (Science Citation Index, AEROSPACE)2

• Patent data bases (WPINDEX, USPATFULL, EUROPATFULL)2

1 ESTEC 1999

2 STN services of FIZ Karlsruhe (http://stnweb.fiz-karlsruhe.de/)

• Project data bases (Funding catalogue of the BMBF3, SBIR/STTR-Program of NASA and DoD)4,5, CORDIS6, ESA Microgravity Database7, Microgravity Research Experiments (MICREX) Database8

• Proceedings of relevant workshops and conferences

• Internet searches and Internet news services in context with nanotech-nology or space travel (z. B. www.atip.org,www.scicentral.com, www.stp-gateway.de,www.ivcon.com,nanotechweb.org, www.space-daily.com,www.space-future.com, www.spacenews-feed.co.uk, www.astronautix.com)

Beyond that, interviews with experts from the nanotechnology and space community were performed and the following meetings and conferences were visited:

• Spring Meeting of the German Industry for the utilization of the International Space Station on February 15th 2001 in Berlin

• Nanospace 2001, 4th International Conference on Integrated Nano/ Microtechnology for Space and Biomedical Applications, 13.-16. March 2001 in Galveston/Texas

• NanoDe Innovations through Nanotechnology, BMBF-Congress 6.-7. May 2002 in Bonn

• Boeing Technology Summit, 14. Juni 2002 in Berlin

• Nanospace 2002, 5th International Conference on Integrated Nano/ Microtechnology for Space and Biomedical Applications, 24.-28. June 2002 in Galveston/Texas

In the next step, the identified nanotechnology spin-ons and spin-offs were correlated with future technological requirements and objectives in space technology. As sources for this, technological research programs of the ESA and NASA as well as the European Space Technology Requirement Document (ESTEC 1999) were consulted. Beyond that, an expert meeting with representatives of the German space industry was organized, which took place on 14.12.2001 in Duesseldorf. Representatives of the following space companies were involved:

• EADS Participating space com-

• Kaiser-Threde

• MAN Technologie

panies

3 http://oas.ip.kp.dlr.de/foekat/foekat/foekat

4 http://www.sbirsttr.com/

5 http://sbir.gsfc.nasa.gov

6 http://www.cordis.lu/fp5/projects.htm

7 http://www.esa.int/cgi-bin/mgdb

8 http://mgravity.itsc.uah.edu/microgravity/micrex/

As a result a matrix was derived, in which space technological requirements were correlated with possible activities of the nanotechnology competence centers in Germany (see chapter 5.1).

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