Economic benefit for the space industry

For an evaluation, it is further relevant to examine in what respect nano-technology applications can contribute to an economic benefit for the space industry, i.e. to analyze how these applications can contribute to improved space products and services. This is a particularly important criterion, as the commercial utilization of space in the long term is expec- Nanotechnology could ted to change from a hightech niche market to a volume market. The dri- support the realization ving force here is above all the telecommunication sector with satellite- of market potentials in based services such as FSS (Fixed Satellite Service), MSS (Mobile Satel- commercial space lite Services), DARS (Digital Audio Radio System) VSAT (Very Small Aperture Terminal), Internet etc., which will find an increasing spreading as supplement to terrestrial services. Further important market segments are satellite-based navigation and GIS (Geographic Information Services) as well as earth observation including meteorological satellites.

Over a long-term time horizon also the range of space tourism could develop beyond present beginnings to a lucrative market. According to a prognosis of Collins, the world market of space tourism could rise up to 100 billion $ in the year 2030, provided that the public sector invests a significant part of its budgets into the development of appropriate transportation systems and space infrastructure (Collins 1999). If it should succeed to clearly lower the space transportation costs from at present approx. 10.000 €/kg by new technological conceptions and on the basis of economy-of-scale effects, further commercial utilizations of space could be be possible. What should be mentioned here for example is the energy generation in space by means of satellite-based solar power stations (Solar Power Satellites SPS), where the energy produced by large area sun collectors in space will be transferred to earth by means of microwave or laser radiation.

The market segments in space can be differentiated into space products (hardware) and space services:

Space Products

Space Services

• Space transportation equipment (e.g. ARIANE, shuttle)

• Telecommunications (FSS, MSS, DARS, InterNet, VSAT)

• Utilization of data generated in space (e.g. GIS, GPS, remote sensing)

• Utilization of space infrastructure (e.g. microgravity experiments)

Table 9: Market segments within the space sector

Table 9: Market segments within the space sector

A market study of the International Space Business Council prognosticated for the year 2005 a rise of the market volume within the range of space products of approx. 70 billion $ and within the range of space services of approx. 80 billion $. The illustration 22 shows the segmentation of the two respective sectors. From a present view however, these figures from 2000 seem to be a bit over estimated in consideration of the current world economy development.

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