Evaluation of nanotechnology applications in space

The following table I is to be interpreted meaningfully only in connection with the explanations in chapter 5.8. The total evaluation of the respective nanotechnological component reflects its space relevance and is indicated as average of the values of the bold-printed columns in per cent of the maximum possible score (100 % corresponds to maximum space relevance).

Table I: Evaluation of nanotechnological applications in space

Evaluation scale: 0 = small 1 =

medium 2 = high

T3

Economic potential in terrestrial markets

Contribution to space objectives

Reference Chapter

Nanotechnological components 4-

State of development (0 = theory... 5 = Space Qualifie

a) Information and communication

b) Automotive engineering

c) Medicine/ Life Sciences

d) Energy engineering

e) Environmental technology

Average of columns a to e

f) Cost reduction

g) Improved functionality

h) Lowering of mission risks

i) Higher mission flexibility

j) Potential for new system conceptions

Average of columns f to j

Economic benefit for the space sector

Applicability under space conditions

Total evaluation (average of the bold-printed columns in per cent of the maximum possible score of 2,6)

S.2

Nanomaterials/ Nanoche-mistry/ Nanobiotechnology

5.2.l

Structure materials

Nanoparticle reinforced polymer

4

l

2

2

G

l

1,2

2

l

l

l

G

1

1

2

71 %

CNT/CNT-nanocomposites

2

2

2

l

l

l

1,4

2

2

l

2

2

1,8

2

2

71 %

Metal matrix composites

4

G

2

G

l

l

0,8

2

G

l

l

G

0,8

1

2

66 %

Nanocrystalline metals

4

G

l

G

l

l

0,6

l

G

l

l

G

0,6

1

2

63 %

Nano structured ceramics

3

l

l

l

l

l

1

l

l

G

l

G

0,6

1

2

S8 %

5.2.2

Thermal protection/ control

Ceramic fiber nanocomposites

4

G

l

G

2

l

0,8

l

l

l

2

l

1,2

1

2

69 %

Ferro fluids

4

G

2

2

G

l

1

G

2

G

G

l

0,6

0

2

S8 %

5.2.3

Energy production/storage

III/V- Semiconductor solar cells

5

G

G

G

l

0,2

G

2

G

l

G

0,6

2

2

7S %

Polymer thin film solar cells

4

l

2

G

2

l

1,2

2

G

G

l

2

1

1

2

71 %

Organic solar cells

3

l

l

G

2

l

1

2

G

G

l

G

0,6

1

1

si %

QD Solar cells

2

G

G

l

2

0,6

l

2

G

G

G

0,6

2

2

SS %

Fuel cells

4

l

2

G

2

l

1,2

l

l

G

l

G

0,6

1

2

68 %

Supercaps/Nanocaps

3

l

2

G

2

l

1,2

G

2

G

l

G

0,6

1

2

60 %

Batteries/thin film batteries

4

2

l

G

2

G

1

l

2

G

G

l

0,8

1

2

68 %

Reference Chapter

Nanotechnological components ^

State of development (0 = theory... 5 = Space Qualified)

Evaluation scale: 0 = small 1 = medium 2 = high

Economic potential in terrestrial markets

Contribution to space objectives

Economic benefit for the space sector

Applicability under space conditions

Total evaluation (average of the bold-printed columns in per cent of the maximum possible score of 2,6)

a) Information and communication

b) Automotive engineering

c) Medicine/ Life Sciences

d) Energy engineering

e) Environmental technology

Average of columns a to e

f) Cost reduction

g) Improved functionality

h) Lowering of mission risks

i) Higher mission flexibility

j) Potential for new system conceptions

Average of columns f to j

5.2.4

Life support systems

Gas storage

2

G

2

G

2

l

1

l

l

G

l

G

0,6

1

1

43 %

Heat exchanger

3

G

G

G

2

l

0,6

2

l

G

G

G

0,6

1

2

SS %

Nanomembranes for water treatment

4

G

G

2

G

2

0,8

l

l

G

l

G

0,6

0

2

S7 %

5.2.5

Sensor technology

Nanostr. gas sensors

4

G

2

l

l

2

1,2

G

l

2

G

G

0,6

0

2

60 %

Electronic noses

4

G

G

2

G

2

0,8

G

l

2

l

G

0,8

0

2

S8 %

5.2.6

Biomedical applications

Lab-on-a-chip-sy stems

4

G

G

2

G

2

0,8

l

l

l

2

G

1

0

2

60 %

Drug-Delivery-sy stems

2

G

G

2

G

G

0,4

G

G

2

2

G

0,8

0

2

40 %

Biomimetic sensors

1

l

l

2

G

2

1,2

G

2

2

2

l

1,4

0

1

3S %

5.2.7

Other applications

Aluminum nanopowder as rocket fuel addiditve

4

G

G

G

G

G

0

l

l

G

G

G

0,4

1

2

S7 %

Aerogels

4

l

G

G

2

2

1

G

2

G

l

G

0,6

1

2

66 %

Magnetic nanocomposites

4

2

l

l

l

l

1,2

G

2

G

G

G

0,4

1

2

66 %

Biomimetic nanomaterials

1

l

l

2

l

2

1,4

l

2

2

2

2

1,8

1

1

48 %

S.3

Ultra thin layers

5.3.l

Friction and wear-reducing layers

4

l

2

G

2

l

1,2

l

2

l

G

l

1

1

1

63 %

5.3.2

Thermal protection layers

4

G

l

G

2

G

0,6

l

2

l

l

G

1

1

2

66 %

5.3.3

HF-Components (HEMT, HBT, SAW)

4

2

l

l

G

G

0,8

l

2

l

G

G

0,8

2

2

74 %

5.3.3

Coated foils on basis of ISAM

3

l

l

l

G

l

0,8

2

l

G

2

2

1,4

1

1

ss %

S.4

Nano-optoelectronics

5.4.l

QD Laser

4

2

l

l

G

l

1

l

l

G

l

l

0,8

2

2

7S %

5.4.2

Photonic crystals

2

2

G

l

G

l

1

l

2

G

G

l

0,8

2

2

S8 %

5.4.3

QD IR sensors

2

2

G

G

G

l

0,6

G

2

G

G

G

0,4

1

2

46 %

Reference Chapter

Nanotechnological components ^

State of development (0 = theory... 5 = Space Qualified)

Evaluation scale: 0 = small 1 = medium 2 = high

Economic potential in terrestrial markets

Contribution to space objectives

Economic benefit for the space sector

Applicability under space conditions

Total evaluation (average of the bold-printed columns in per cent of the maximum possible score of 2,6)

a) Information and communication

b) Automotive engineering

c) Medicine/ Life Sciences

d) Energy engineering

e) Environmental technology

Average of columns a to e

f) Cost reduction

g) Improved functionality

h) Lowering of mission risks

i) Higher mission flexibility

j) Potential for new system conceptions

Average of columns f to j

5.5

Lateral nanostructures

5.51

Molecular electronics

1

2

l

l

O

l

1

2

2

l

l

l

1,4

2

1

49 %

5.5.l

Spintronics

2

2

l

l

O

O

0,8

2

2

O

O

O

0,8

2

1

51 %

5.5.l

Quantum logics

0

2

O

O

O

O

0,4

l

2

O

O

O

0,6

1

0

15 %

5.5.l

Tunneling elements

4

2

O

O

O

O

0,4

l

2

O

O

O

0,6

2

1

62 %

5.5.2

SOI-Memory

4

2

l

O

O

O

0,6

2

l

l

O

O

0,8

2

2

72 %

5.5.2

Phase-Change-RAM

3

2

O

O

O

O

0,4

2

2

O

O

O

0,8

2

1

55 %

5.5.2

FRAM

4

2

l

O

O

O

0,6

2

2

O

O

O

0,8

2

0

57 %

5.5.2

Magnetoelectronics / MRAM

4

2

l

l

O

l

1,0

2

2

l

l

O

1,2

2

2

78 %

5.5.2

Millipede

2

2

O

O

O

O

0,4

l

2

O

O

O

0,6

1

0

31 %

5.5.2

Biological data memories

3

2

O

O

O

O

0,4

l

2

O

O

O

0,6

1

1

46 %

5.5.3

Nanomotors, Nanopositioning

4

l

O

l

O

O

0,4

O

2

O

l

l

0,8

1

2

63 %

5.6

Ultraprecise surfaces

5.6.l

X-ray optics

5

2

O

O

O

O

0,4

O

2

O

O

l

0,6

1

2

69 %

5.7

Nanoanalytics

5.7.l

Nano-SIMS

5

O

O

O

O

2

0,4

O

2

O

l

O

0,6

0

2

62 %

5.7.2

Scanning probe techniques

5

O

O

l

O

l

0,4

O

2

O

l

O

0,6

0

2

62 %

0 0

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