Nanochemistry nanomaterials and nanobiotechnology

The spectrum of nanostructured materials reaches from inorganic and organic amorphous or crystalline nanoparticles over nanocolloids and suspensions up to nanostructured carbon compounds such as fullerenes and carbon nanotubes. In principle all substantial material classes, i.e. metals, semiconductors, glass and ceramics, polymers as well as composites can be produced with nanostructured configurations. By controlled synthesis of macroscopic bodies from atomic and molecular components, their optical, electronic, magnetic, catalytic or mechanical characteristics can be adjusted specifically. The understanding of the molecular principles for the production and application of new materials opens up possibilities for adjustable and smart materials, which can not be obtained with conventional methods. Due to the outstanding functional characteristics of nanostructured materials, which are mainly based on a large surface-to-volume-ratio and on quantum effects, numerous application potentials arise in space.

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