Nanotechnology players and institutions

The main participants in the field of nanotechnology in Germany comprise university institutes, non-university institutes and enterprises. The institutional nanotechnology research outside the universities is concentrated on four large research councils in Germany:

Wissensgemeinschaft G. W. Leibniz (WGL) Helmholtz Gemeinschaft deutscher Forschungszentren (HGF) Fraunhofer Gesellschaft (FhG) Max-Planck-Gesellschaft (MPG)

Based on the number of scientific publications in the area of the nano-technology in the years 1991 to 1999, institutions of the above mentioned research councils, occupy the front places (see Hullmann 2001). A selection of institutions of the research councils, which are active in the area of nanotechnology, is shown in table 2.

Wissensgemeinschaft G. W. Leibniz (WGL)

Helmholtz Gemeinschaft deutscher Forschungszentren (HGF)

• Institute for New Materials, Saarbruecken

• Research Center Karlsruhe

• Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden

• Research Center Juelich

• Institute for Surface Modification, Leipzig

• Hahn-Meitner-Institute, Berlin

• Institute for Polymer Research, Dresden

• GKSS- Research Center, Geesthacht

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft (MPG)

Fraunhofer Gesellschaft (FhG)

• Institute for Polymer Research, Mainz

• Institute Institute for Material and Beam Technology, Dresden

• Institute for Metal Research, Stuttgart

• Institute for Silicate Research, Würzburg

• Institute for Solid State Research, Stuttgart

• Institute for Biomedical Engineering, St. Ingbert

• Institute of Microstructure Physics, Halle

• Institute for Applied Solid States Physics, Freiburg

Table 2: Selected Institutions of WGL, HGF, MPG and FhG with research activities in the field of nanotechnology

Table 2: Selected Institutions of WGL, HGF, MPG and FhG with research activities in the field of nanotechnology

Beyond that, the German Research Council (DFG) funds nanotechnology in the context of special research areas, e.g. molecular electronics. The

Scientific nanotechnology institutions institutional funding in the range of nanotechnology amounted to approx. 93 million Euro in Germany in the year 2001 (BMBF 2002).

University institutes and public research institutions as well as several industrial enterprises belong to the main players within the range of nanotechnology in Germany. Regarding the patent applications, large chemical enterprises such as BASF, Bayer or Degussa hold leading positions, which are mainly focused on the production of nanostructured materials and surfaces.11 In electronics Siemens and its subsidiary companies such as Infineon should be mentioned among others. Furthermore a multiplicity of start-up enterprises have meanwhile appeared, which are specialized in distinct fields of nanotechnology and often carry the prefix "nano" in the company name (e.g. Nano-X, ItN Nanovation, NanoSoluti-on, NanoAnalytics, Nanotype).

Enterprises with nanotechnology activities

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