Abbreviations

AAO

Anodic aluminium oxide

AFM

Atomic force microscopy

ALD

Atomic layer deposition

BET

Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (algorithm)

BJH

Barret-Joyner-Halenda (algorithm)

CTAB

Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide

CVD

Chemical vapour deposition

DFT

Density function theory

DOS

Density of states

DSC

Differential scanning calorimetry

DSSC

Dye sensitized solar cell

EBT

Eriochrome Black T (dye)

EPD

Electrophoretic deposition

ESR

Electron spin resonance

EXAFS

Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (spectroscopy)

FTIR

Fourier-transform infrared (spectroscopy)

FWHM

Full width at half the maximum height

Hap

Hydroxyapatite

HRTEM

High-resolution transmission electron microscopy

H-TiNT

Protonated titanate nanotubes

H-TiNF

Protonated titanate nanofibres

IUPAC

International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry

MAS NMR

Magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance

(spectroscopy)

MB

Methylene Blue (dye)

MWCN

Multi-walled carbon nanotubes

NT

Nanotubes

NF

Nanofibres

NR

Nanorods

NP

Nanoparticles

P-25

P-25 nanoparticulate TiO2 (Degussa)

PANI

Polyaniline

PEG

Poly(ethylene glycol)

PL

Photoluminescence

PPy

Polypyrrole

PTFE

Polytetrafluoroethylene

PVP

Polyvinylpyrrolidone

SAED

Small angle electron diffraction

SCE

Saturated calomel electrode

SEM

Scanning electron microscopy

SETOV

Single-electron-trapped oxygen vacancies

STM

Scanning tunnelling microscopy

SWCN

Single-walled carbon nanotubes

TEM

Transmission electron microscopy

TEOS

Tetraethylorthosilicate

TBAOH

Tetrabutylammonium hydroxide

TGA

Thermogravimetric analysis

THF

Tetrahydrofuran

TiNF

Titanate nanofibres

TiNT

Titanate nanotubes

TOF

Turn-over frequency

UV/VIS

Ultraviolet-visible (spectroscopy)

XANES

X-ray absorption near-edge structure (spectroscopy)

XPS

X-ray photon spectroscopy

XRD

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